Meta-modeling strategy for data-driven forecasting (Papers Track)

Dominic J Skinner (MIT); Romit Maulik (Argonne National Laboratory)

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Climate Science & Modeling Interpretable ML Time-series Analysis


Accurately forecasting the weather is a key requirement for climate change mitigation. Data-driven methods offer the ability to make more accurate forecasts, but lack interpretability and can be expensive to train and deploy if models are not carefully developed. Here, we make use of two historical climate data sets and tools from machine learning, to accurately predict temperature fields. Furthermore, we are able to use low fidelity models that are cheap to train and evaluate, to selectively avoid expensive high fidelity function evaluations, as well as uncover seasonal variations in predictive power. This allows for an adaptive training strategy for computationally efficient geophysical emulation.

Recorded Talk (direct link)